Glossary

APRA
The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority as the regulator for Australian banks.
ASX
The Australian Securities Exchange on which Australian bank Hybrids are typically listed.
Common Equity Capital
The bank’s ordinary shares, certain reserves and retained earnings.
Common Equity Capital Ratio
The ratio is a measure of a bank’s financial strength. It measures the relative amount of common equity capital that it holds. Each Australian bank is required by APRA to hold an amount of common equity capital in excess of a minimum ratio.
Common Equity Capital Trigger Event”
The bank is in financial difficulty and its common equity capital ratio significantly declines to or below 5.125%.
Face Value
The issue price of the investment, which may be reduced by any conversion or write-off.
Higher Ranking
The investment is one which will be repaid out of a bank’s available assets in a winding-up of the bank before a lower ranking one.
Loss Absorbing/loss Absorption
The Hybrid is required to convert into ordinary shares of the bank or be written-off if the bank is in financial difficulties. This means that investors in Hybrids are at the risk of suffering loss if the bank is in financial difficulties.
Lower Ranking
The investment may not be repaid in a winding-up of the bank, as there may be insufficient assets remaining after higher ranking investments have been repaid. It is also said to be “subordinated”.
Mandatory Conversion
Where the Hybrid is required to convert into ordinary shares of the bank on a scheduled date, subject to various conditions.
Maturity Date
The date on which an investment is scheduled to be repaid.
Non-cumulative
If a distribution is not paid, it is not payable at a later date by the bank and the investor is not entitled to compensation in respect of the non-payment.
Non-viability Trigger Event
The bank is in financial difficulty and APRA determines that the bank is non-viable.
Perpetual
The investment does not have a maturity date and could remain outstanding indefinitely.
Subordinated
The investment may not be repaid in a winding-up of the bank, as there may be insufficient assets remaining after higher ranking investments have been repaid.
Trigger Event
The bank is in financial difficulties and either APRA determines that it is non-viable (referred to as a non-viability trigger event) or its common equity capital ratio declines to or below 5.125% (referred to as a common equity capital trigger event).
VWAP
The average price of ordinary shares of the bank on a specified number of days on which the shares are traded prior to conversion.
Written-off / Write-off
The bank’s obligations under the Hybrid will be terminated. Investors will lose all of their investment and not receive any compensation or distributions.